Later, Portuguese Latin Christians, Dutch Malabar, French Mahe, British English, and Arabian Muslim communities which arrived after 1498 left their mark as well making Kerala even more colourful, vibrant, and diverse.
The 2006 New Zealand census reported 2,139 speakers.
134 Malayalam speaking households were reported in 1956 in Fiji.
For cultural purposes Malayalam and Sanskrit formed a language known as Manipravalam, where both languages were used in an alternating style. Vilanilam, former Vice-Chancellor of the University of Kerala; Sunny Luke, medical scientist and former professor of Medical Biotechnology at Adelphi University, New York; and Antony Palackal, professor of Sociology at the Loyola College of Social Sciences in Thiruvananthapuram, have edited the book, besides making other contributions to it.
Malayalam is the only among the major Dravidian languages without diglossia. The oldest literature works in Malayalam, distinct from the Tamil tradition, is dated between the 9th century and 11th century. Mukundan, and Booker Prize winner Arundhati Roy, whose 1996 semi-autobiographical bestseller Kerala remains a fascinating riddle for the Indian diaspora, especially the younger generations - World Malayali Council with its sister organisation, International Institute for Scientific and Academic Collaboration (IISAC) has come out with a comprehensive book on Kerala titled ‘Introduction to Kerala Studies,’ specially intended for the Malayali diaspora across the globe. Tharavadu is a system of joint family practised by Malayalis, especially castes Nairs, Ezhava, Thiyyas and other prominent religious groups. The Tharavadu was administered by the Karanavar, the oldest male member of the family.
Timber is the prime structural material abundantly available in many varieties in Kerala.